The public building category includes such public buildings as schools, kindergartens, sports complexes, cultural houses, theaters, supermarkets, hospitals, medical institutions and so on. Most of these buildings in Latvia physically became obsolete, since it is in continuous operation, and thats why it is necessary to improve their energy efficiency.
Public objects which are directly under the supervisionof local municipality consume at least 60% of the total local government requirement. In order to reduce overall energy consumption and the enormous costs, an energy audit must be carried out and government must follow the guidelines that are developed for energy-efficiency measures. While further must intensively operate in two directions: to improve the existing technical capacity, energy efficiency of existing technologies and to impact the behavior of users and the management and to change the attitudes towards their own energy demand.
Why to take an energy audit of public buildings?
- At the present public buildings is one of the priorities of the EU funded project contests, so it is necessary to carry out energy audits in a timely manner, to develop a project and the rest of the necessary documentation, which are fundamental to the success in acquisition of the EU funds for co-financing renovation of building.
- Qualitative energy audit and a project, in which development a sertified energy audithor is participated is a basic requirement for the acquisition of EU co-financing.
- In the Energy Performance of Buildings Directive (EPBD), the following amendments are included: "By 2018, all new public buildings must be nearly zero energy buildings and all existing public buildings with an area of over 500 m² must be certified and the certificates must be placed in a visible place. From 2015, this requirement applies to all public buildings with an area of over 250 m²."
- Energy audits of public buildings allows qualitatively assess the technical condition of the existing building and to determine the measures required to increase the energy efficiency and to improve the microclimate, which is especially important in schools and kindergartens, because in these public buildings the internal microclimate very often is below all standards.